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For basic information see [Help:Editing].

Basic text formatting

What it looks like What you type

You can italicize text by putting 2 apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will bold the text.

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize the text.

(Using 4 apostrophes doesn't do anything special --
there are just ' left over ones' that are included as part of the text.)

You can ''italicize text'' by putting 2 
apostrophes on each side. 

3 apostrophes will bold '''the text'''. 

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize 
'''''the text'''''.

(Using 4 apostrophes doesn't do anything
special -- <br> there are just '''' left
over ones'''' that are included as part of the text.)

A single newline generally has no effect on the layout. These can be used to separate sentences within a paragraph. Some editors find that this aids editing and improves the diff function (used internally to compare different versions of a page).

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout (see below).

A single newline
generally has no effect on the layout.
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the ''diff'' function
(used internally to compare
different versions of a page).

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline ''does'' 
affect the layout ([[#lists|see below]]).

You can break lines
without a new paragraph.
Please use this sparingly.

Please do not start a link or italics or bold on one line and close it on the next.

You can break lines<br>
without a new paragraph.<br>
Please use this sparingly.

Please do not start a [[link]] or 
''italics'' or '''bold''' on one line 
and close it on the next.

You should "sign" your comments on talk pages:
- Three tildes gives your signature: Karl Wick
- Four tildes give your signature plus date/time: Karl Wick 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)
- Five tildes gives the date/time alone: 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)

You should "sign" your comments 
on talk pages: <br>
- Three tildes gives your
signature: ~~~ <br>
- Four tildes give your 
signature plus date/time: ~~~~ <br>
- Five tildes gives the 
date/time alone: ~~~~~ <br>

HTML tags

You can use some HTML tags too. For a list of HTML tags that are allowed, see HTML in wikitext. However, you should avoid HTML in favor of Wiki markup whenever possible.


What it looks like What you type

Put text in a typewriter font. The same font is generally used for computer code.

Put text in a <tt>typewriter
font</tt>. The same font is 
generally used for <code>
computer code</code>.

Strike out or underline text, or write it in small caps.

<strike>Strike out</strike>
or <u>underline</u> text,
or write it <span style=
"font-variant:small-caps">
in small caps</span>.

Superscripts and subscripts: X2, H2O

Superscripts and subscripts:
X<sup>2</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>O
Centered text
  • Please note the American spelling of "center".
<center>Centered text</center>

The blockquote command will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.

<blockquote>
The '''blockquote''' command will indent 
both margins when needed instead of the 
left margin only as the colon does.  
</blockquote>

Invisible comments to editors (<!-- -->) only appear while editing the page.

  • If you wish to make comments to the public, you should usually use the talk page.
Invisible comments to editors (&lt;!-- --&gt;)
only appear while editing the page.
<!-- Note to editors: blah blah blah. -->

Organizing your writing

What it looks like What you type
Section headings

Headings organize your writing into sections. The Wiki software can automatically generate a table of contents from them.

Subsection

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

A smaller subsection

Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs.

Start with 2 equals signs not 1 because 1 creates H1 tags which should be reserved for page title.

== Section headings ==

''Headings'' organize your writing into 
sections. The Wiki software can automatically 
generate a table of contents from them.


[[Category:How-To]]

===Just show what I typed===

:''See also [[Help:Wiki_markup_examples#Text_formatting_.E2.80.94_controlling_how_it_looks|Text formatting examples]].

A few different kinds of formatting will tell the Wiki to display things as you typed them.

{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
!width="1000"|What it looks like
!width="500"|What you type
|-
|

The nowiki tag ignores 
[[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It reformats text by 
removing
newlines    and multiple
 spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: →

|<pre>
<nowiki>
The nowiki tag ignores 
[[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It reformats text by 
removing
newlines    and multiple
 spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</nowiki>
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]]
 ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat
 text.
It still interprets special
characters: →
<pre>
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]]
 ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat
 text.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</pre>

Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the
beginning of each
line stops the text   
from being
reformatted.  It still 
interprets Wiki
markup and special
characters: →
Leading spaces are another way
to preserve formatting.

 Putting a space at the
 beginning of each
 line stops the text   
 from being
 reformatted.  It still 
 interprets [[Wiki]]
 ''markup'' and special
 characters: &rarr;

Templates

Templates are segments of Wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page. You add them by putting the template's name in {{double braces}}.

Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character.

What it looks like What you type

Template:Transclusion demo

{{Transclusion demo}}

This template takes two parameters, and creates underlined text with a hover box for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

Template:H:title

Go to this page to see the H:title template itself: Template:Tl

This template takes two parameters, and
creates underlined text with a hover box
for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

{{H:title|This is the hover text|
Hover your mouse over this text}}

Go to this page to see the H:title template
itself: {{tl|H:title}}

Just show what I typed

See also Text formatting examples.

A few different kinds of formatting will tell the Wiki to display things as you typed them.

What it looks like What you type

The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets special characters: →

<nowiki>
The nowiki tag ignores 
[[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It reformats text by 
removing
newlines    and multiple
 spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</nowiki>
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]]
 ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat
 text.
It still interprets special
characters: →
<pre>
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]]
 ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat
 text.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</pre>

Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the
beginning of each
line stops the text   
from being
reformatted.  It still 
interprets Wiki
markup and special
characters: →
Leading spaces are another way
to preserve formatting.

 Putting a space at the
 beginning of each
 line stops the text   
 from being
 reformatted.  It still 
 interprets [[Wiki]]
 ''markup'' and special
 characters: &rarr;

Templates

Templates are segments of Wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page. You add them by putting the template's name in {{double braces}}.

Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character.

What it looks like What you type

Template:Transclusion demo

{{Transclusion demo}}

This template takes two parameters, and creates underlined text with a hover box for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

Template:H:title

Go to this page to see the H:title template itself: Template:Tl

This template takes two parameters, and
creates underlined text with a hover box
for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

{{H:title|This is the hover text|
Hover your mouse over this text}}

Go to this page to see the H:title template
itself: {{tl|H:title}}

insert link to uploaded files

Please use the template. e.g:

{{odp|uploaded_file_name.odp |Text the will appears on the page}}

Please use the template. e.g:

{{odp|uploaded_file_name.odp |Text the will appears on the page}}

or follow these examples:

{{odp|test.odp |It only a test}}
{{odc|test.odp |It only a test}}
{{odi|test.odp |It only a test}}
{{odb|test.odp |It only a test}}
{{odf|test.odp |It only a test}}
{{odg|test.odp |It only a test}}
{{odm|test.odp |It only a test}}
{{odt|test.odp |It only a test}}
{{tex|test.odp |It only a test}}
{{pss|test.odp |It only a test}}
{{tar|test.odp |It only a test}}
{{xls|test.odp |It only a test}}
{{gz|test.odp |It only a test}}

http://c810-s1.uibk.ac.at/%7Ec810/wiki/images/odf6odp-20x22.png It only a test http://c810-s1.uibk.ac.at/%7Ec810/wiki/images/odf6odc-20x22.png It only a test http://c810-s1.uibk.ac.at/%7Ec810/wiki/images/odf6odi-20x22.png It only a test http://c810-s1.uibk.ac.at/%7Ec810/wiki/images/odf6odb-20x22.png It only a test http://mechanik.uibk.ac.at/wiki/images/odf6odf-20x22.png It only a test http://c810-s1.uibk.ac.at/%7Ec810/wiki/images/odf6odg-20x22.png It only a test http://c810-s1.uibk.ac.at/%7Ec810/wiki/images/odf6odm-20x22.png It only a test http://mechanik.uibk.ac.at/wiki/images/odf6odt-20x22.png It only a test http://c810-s1.uibk.ac.at/%7Ec810/wiki/images/texico.png It only a test http://c810-s1.uibk.ac.at/%7Ec810/wiki/images/icon_pps.png It only a test http://c810-s1.uibk.ac.at/%7Ec810/wiki/images/icon_tar.png It only a test http://mechanik.uibk.ac.at/wiki/images/icon-xls.png It only a test GZIP-32x32.png It only a test

Use the category

How to create categories

Creating a category is as simple as adding a link to a category that doesn't yet exist. For instance, to create the "fluffy creatures" category, you would edit an article and enter [[Category:Fluffy creatures]] the same way as adding it to any other category. The Category:Fluffy creatures will automatically be created when the edit is saved.

Look before you leap

Before creating a category, look to see if one already exists. The best way to do this is to first add the category to your article but preview before saving. If the category appears in blue at the bottom of the page, the category already exists. If it is in red, then you will be creating a new category. Check the capitalization of the category name. For any red categories, you should look for categories with similar names before creating a new category. One way to do this is to think of the parent category for the new category. Search for it and then look at the subcategories in the parent. You may find that a category already exists that is similar to the one you are thinking about creating.

Before creating a new category, familiarize yourself with all the guidelines on this page, and related pages.

How to create subcategories

Subcategories may be created by putting [[Category:parent_category_name]] onto the page that you would like to make into a subcategory. This may seem counterintuitive, because you edit the subcategory page rather than the parent category page.

Let's say that you wanted to make the category called Roses into a subcategory of the category called Flowers.

Step 1 - Go to the page called [[Category:Roses]], and click edit this page.
Step 2 - Place the text [[Category:Flowers]] within the body of the [[Category:Roses]] article, and save.
Finished! Roses is now a subcategory of Flowers, and [[Category:Roses]] will be visible on [[Category:Flowers]].

When writing the description for a category try to give it at least two parent categories. For example, Category:British writers should be in both Category:Writers by nationality and Category:British people. A few categories do only merely subdivide their parent category, but unless the parent category has many potential articles under it, or many potential subdivisions, if you can't think of a second parent category, it might be a better idea to fold your smaller category into the parent.